Scope of Trade
04/08/2022

There is no statutory definition of ‘trade’. The only statutory reference to the term is that ‘trade’ includes a ‘venture in the nature of trade’. This absence of a formal definition decides if an activity is a trade more difficult. However, over time the courts have set some established guidance. 

It is clear from the significant amount of case law on this subject that a decision on whether there is a trade is a grey area. However, even having established that a trade, or a venture in the nature of trade, exists, the next question to consider is the scope of that trade.

HMRC’s internal guidance on this matter states as follows:

In many cases the nature and extent of a particular trade is never explicitly considered. This is particularly the case where there is no dispute about the nature of the trade, whose scope is implicitly understood and accepted.

However, the scope of a particular trade is fundamental when questions arise concerning:

  • whether particular receipts are income of the trade,
  • whether expenditure is incurred wholly and exclusively for the purposes of the trade, or
  • whether expenditure is capital or revenue for tax purposes.

One trader’s sale, or purchase, of a fixed capital asset may be another trader’s sale, or purchase, of trading stock.


Accounts

We specialise in preparing end of year statutory accounts for your business, in line with HM Revenue & Customs legislation:

Sole Traders & Partnerships
Limited Companies
Limited Liability Partnerships
Property Management Companies
Property rental income accounts

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Bookkeeping

We can adivise on the best bookkeeping options for your needs and budget, if you would prefer to do the bookkeeping yourself.

There are a number of excellent options including Sage desktop software and market leading online solutions, such as Kashflow & Xero.

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Payroll

ejbc payroll

We can set-up and run your payroll scheme or advise on:

Setting up a new payroll system
Day to day payroll processing
Dealing with PAYE and NI deductions
Completing your end of year returns
Holiday & Statutory pay
Stakeholder pensions

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Start Ups

Starting a Business is an exciting opportunity but at the same time can be daunting.

Why not let us take some of the stress away. We are on hand from the outset to help you through many of the challenges of getting your business up and running successfully.

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The Rectory
1 Toomers Wharf
Canal Walk
Newbury
Berkshire
RG14 1DY

Phone: 01635 46174

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